A government agency that issues legal aid certificates and funds legal clinics across the province to provide access to lawyers to those who cannot afford a lawyer. Bail – security for the release of an accused or witness in pre-trial detention (usually in the form of money) to ensure his or her appearance on the agreed day and time. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases. A person who has personal knowledge of an event or problem in a court case is a witness. A witness may be questioned by police or lawyers and invited to testify in writing or in person in a court case. Ex parte proceedings – Legal proceedings in which only one party is present or represented. It is different from the opposing system or procedure and is lawful only in certain circumstances.

For example, a hearing for an injunction. the party (person or entity) responding to a claim in non-criminal legal proceedings. When a plaintiff or plaintiff brings a lawsuit, any person or entity against whom the plaintiff or plaintiff takes legal action is called a defendant because they respond to the claim and the allegations made in the claim. (see definitions of “applicant” and “applicant” above) In a legal environment, such as a court or regulatory body, the decision-maker is a person or group of people who decides the outcome of a claim or dispute, taking into account applicable law and facts and interests affecting one or more parties to the case. A judge, a justice of the peace, an arbitrator and an arbitrator are decision-makers. Offer – An expression of willingness to enter into an agreement that is clear and secure in its terms and communicated to the recipient. Upon acceptance, the offer will be converted into a contractual obligation. No dispute clause – wording of a will that provides that a person who legally challenges the validity of the will is disinherited. Governmental body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court read the pleadings.” Void Contract – A contract that has no legal effect and cannot be enforced under any circumstances. For example, a contract to commit an illegal act is null and void. Party – A person, company, organization, or government agency involved in the prosecution or defense of legal proceedings.

Status – The legal right to take legal action. Only a person whose legally recognized interest is at stake is entitled to bring an action. Cancellable Agreement – A valid contract that a party may terminate upon request. For example, a contract concluded by a minor is voidable for the minor or his legal guardian. A full-time lawyer hired by federal courts to legally defend defendants who cannot afford a lawyer. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Counsel Programme in accordance with criminal law. Contract – An agreement between two or more people that creates an obligation to do or not do a particular thing. A contract must have promised or given something of value, and a reasonable agreement between the parties on what the contract means. The parties must be legally able to conclude binding agreements. Agreement and satisfaction – compromise and agreement. A way of completing a claim where the parties agree to give and accept something to settle the claim that supersedes the terms of the parties` original agreement. Accord is the new agreement; Satisfaction is the fulfillment of the new agreement.

a person who has studied law and obtained a university degree in law. To be qualified to actively practise law through legal advice and client representation, a lawyer must be licensed by a Canadian provincial or territorial authority. In Ontario, this organization is called the Law Society of Upper Canada. Lawyer – A licensed lawyer or legal advisor authorized by the courts to prepare, administer and negotiate court cases, prepare legal documents or otherwise represent the interests of citizens. Equality – In general, justice or equity. Historically, equity refers to a separate law developed in England in response to the inability of common law courts, in their strict compliance with rigid injunctions and forms of action, to review or remedy any breach. The King therefore created the Court of Chancery to administer justice between the parties in cases where the common law did not provide sufficient redress. The principle of this legal system is that fairness finds a way to achieve a lawful result if the judicial process is inadequate. Remedies such as injunctions and injunctions are equitable remedies. The fairness and justice tribunals are now merged into NM. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to submit its claim to a debtor`s future wages. In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him.

Lien – A legal claim against someone else`s property as security for a debt. A lien does not transfer ownership of the property, but gives the holder of the lien the right to have his debt repaid from the proceeds of the property if the debt is not paid otherwise. Factual lawyer – A private person (who is not necessarily a lawyer) who has been authorized by another person to act on their behalf, either for a particular purpose or for a specific act; or for the conduct of transactions in general, not of a legal nature. This power of attorney is conferred by a written document called a power of attorney or, more commonly, power of attorney. Chapter 12 of our Handbook for Probate Judges contains the Estates Glossary, which contains legal terms specific to probate court in New Mexico. The party (person or entity) who files a complaint in court and initiates non-criminal judicial proceedings. Trust Deed or Declaration of Trust – The legal document that establishes a living trust. Testamentary trusts are set out in a will. To define a legal term, enter a word or phrase below. Contributory Negligence – A legal doctrine that prevents the plaintiff in a civil action from recovering a defendant for negligence if the plaintiff also acted negligently. New Mexico has abandoned the doctrine of contributory negligence in favor of comparative negligence.

All shares of ownership of the debtor at the time of bankruptcy. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor`s assets. Ad Litem – Latin term meaning “for the purposes of the trial”. For example, an “ad litem” guardian is a person appointed by the court to protect the interests of a minor or a legally incapable person in a dispute. Lawyers who can provide a range of basic legal services, but who have not gone to law school and are not lawyers. In Ontario, paralegals must be licensed by the same entity that licenses lawyers. Paralegals can provide legal advice and represent clients in legal matters such as immigration, small claims, traffic charges under the Provincial Offences Act, court cases including landlord-tenant issues or workplace safety, and some minor criminal charges.